Within price action, there is range, trend, day, scalping, swing and position trading. These strategies adhere to different forms of trading requirements which will be outlined in detail below. The examples show varying techniques to trade these strategies to show just how diverse trading can be, along with a variety of bespoke options for traders to choose from. Range trading includes identifying support and resistance points whereby traders will place trades around these key levels.
This strategy works well in market without significant volatility and no discernible trend. Technical analysis is the primary tool used with this strategy. There is no set length per trade as range bound strategies can work for any time frame. Managing risk is an integral part of this method as breakouts can occur.
Consequently, a range trader would like to close any current range bound positions. Oscillators are most commonly used as timing tools. Price action is sometimes used in conjunction with oscillators to further validate range bound signals or breakouts. Range trading can result in fruitful risk-reward ratios however, this comes along with lengthy time investment per trade. Use the pros and cons below to align your goals as a trader and how much resources you have.
Trend trading is a simple forex strategy used by many traders of all experience levels. Trend trading attempts to yield positive returns by exploiting a markets directional momentum. Trend trading generally takes place over the medium to long-term time horizon as trends themselves fluctuate in length. As with price action, multiple time frame analysis can be adopted in trend trading. Entry points are usually designated by an oscillator RSI, CCI etc and exit points are calculated based on a positive risk-reward ratio.
Using stop level distances, traders can either equal that distance or exceed it to maintain a positive risk-reward ratio e. If the stop level was placed 50 pips away, the take profit level wold be set at 50 pips or more away from the entry point. The opposite would be true for a downward trend.
When you see a strong trend in the market, trade it in the direction of the trend. Using the CCI as a tool to time entries, notice how each time CCI dipped below highlighted in blue , prices responded with a rally. Not all trades will work out this way, but because the trend is being followed, each dip caused more buyers to come into the market and push prices higher. In conclusion, identifying a strong trend is important for a fruitful trend trading strategy. Trend trading can be reasonably labour intensive with many variables to consider.
The list of pros and cons may assist you in identifying if trend trading is for you. Position trading is a long-term strategy primarily focused on fundamental factors however, technical methods can be used such as Elliot Wave Theory.
Smaller more minor market fluctuations are not considered in this strategy as they do not affect the broader market picture. This strategy can be employed on all markets from stocks to forex. As mentioned above, position trades have a long-term outlook weeks, months or even years!
Understanding how economic factors affect markets or thorough technical predispositions, is essential in forecasting trade ideas. Entry and exit points can be judged using technical analysis as per the other strategies. The Germany 30 chart above depicts an approximate two year head and shoulders pattern , which aligns with a probable fall below the neckline horizontal red line subsequent to the right-hand shoulder.
In this selected example, the downward fall of the Germany 30 played out as planned technically as well as fundamentally. Brexit negotiations did not help matters as the possibility of the UK leaving the EU would most likely negatively impact the German economy as well.
In this case, understanding technical patterns as well as having strong fundamental foundations allowed for combining technical and fundamental analysis to structure a strong trade idea. Day trading is a strategy designed to trade financial instruments within the same trading day. That is, all positions are closed before market close. This can be a single trade or multiple trades throughout the day.
Trade times range from very short-term matter of minutes or short-term hours , as long as the trade is opened and closed within the trading day. Traders in the example below will look to enter positions at the when the price breaks through the 8 period EMA in the direction of the trend blue circle and exit using a risk-reward ratio. The chart above shows a representative day trading setup using moving averages to identify the trend which is long in this case as the price is above the MA lines red and black.
Entry positions are highlighted in blue with stop levels placed at the previous price break. Take profit levels will equate to the stop distance in the direction of the trend. The pros and cons listed below should be considered before pursuing this strategy. Scalping in forex is a common term used to describe the process of taking small profits on a frequent basis.
This is achieved by opening and closing multiple positions throughout the day. The most liquid forex pairs are preferred as spreads are generally tighter, making the short-term nature of the strategy fitting. Scalping entails short-term trades with minimal return, usually operating on smaller time frame charts 30 min — 1min.
Like most technical strategies, identifying the trend is step 1. Many scalpers use indicators such as the moving average to verify the trend. Using these key levels of the trend on longer time frames allows the trader to see the bigger picture. These levels will create support and resistance bands. Scalping within this band can then be attempted on smaller time frames using oscillators such as the RSI.
Stops are placed a few pips away to avoid large movements against the trade. The long-term trend is confirmed by the moving average price above MA. Timing of entry points are featured by the red rectangle in the bias of the trader long. Traders use the same theory to set up their algorithms however, without the manual execution of the trader. With this practical scalp trading example above, use the list of pros and cons below to select an appropriate trading strategy that best suits you.
Swing trading is a speculative strategy whereby traders look to take advantage of rang bound as well as trending markets. Swing trades are considered medium-term as positions are generally held anywhere between a few hours to a few days. Longer-term trends are favoured as traders can capitalise on the trend at multiple points along the trend.
The only difference being that swing trading applies to both trending and range bound markets. A combination of the stochastic oscillator, ATR indicator and the moving average was used in the example above to illustrate a typical swing trading strategy. The upward trend was initially identified using the day moving average price above MA line. Stochastics are then used to identify entry points by looking for oversold signals highlighted by the blue rectangles on the stochastic and chart.
Risk management is the final step whereby the ATR gives an indication of stop levels. The ATR figure is highlighted by the red circles. This figure represents the approximate number of pips away the stop level should be set. For example, if the ATR reads At DailyFX, we recommend trading with a positive risk-reward ratio at a minimum of This would mean setting a take profit level limit at least After seeing an example of swing trading in action, consider the following list of pros and cons to determine if this strategy would suit your trading style.
Carry trades include borrowing one currency at lower rate, followed by investing in another currency at a higher yielding rate. This will ultimately result in a positive carry of the trade. This strategy is primarily used in the forex market. Carry trades are dependent on interest rate fluctuations between the associated currencies therefore, length of trade supports the medium to long-term weeks, months and possibly years.
Strong trending markets work best for carry trades as the strategy involves a lengthier time horizon. Confirmation of the trend should be the first step prior to placing the trade higher highs and higher lows and vice versa — refer to Example 1 above. There are two aspects to a carry trade namely, exchange rate risk and interest rate risk. Accordingly, the best time to open the positions is at the start of a trend to capitalise fully on the exchange rate fluctuation. But just like anything else, one particular strategy may not always be a one-size-fits-all approach, so what works today may not necessarily work tomorrow.
If a strategy isn't proving to be profitable and isn't producing the desired results, traders may consider the following before changing a game plan:. Although change can be good, changing a forex trading strategy too often can be costly. If you modify your strategy too often, you could lose out. Most successful forex traders develop a strategy and perfect it over time.
Some focus on one particular study or calculation, while others use broad-spectrum analysis to determine their trades. One simple strategy is based on relative interest rate changes between two different countries. Imagine a trader who expects interest rates to rise in the U. The trader believes higher interest rates in the U.
There are many online forex brokers to choose from, just as in any other market. Look for platforms that feature low fees and tight spreads. Make sure your broker is covered by a regulatory body and has a solid reputation. For more advanced traders, a platform with charting tools and algorithmic trading is also a plus. Pip is an acronym for "percentage in point" or "price interest point.
Most currency pairs are priced out to four decimal places and the pip change is the last fourth decimal point. Like all financial markets, there is no free money in forex trading. However, the simplest strategy from a mechanics perspective is simply speculating that one currency will rise or fall in value relative to another. Of course, if you gauge the direction of the bet wrong, you could lose money. A currency carry trade is a popular strategy that involves borrowing from a low-interest rate currency and to fund purchasing a currency that provides a higher rate of interest.
A trader using the carry trade attempts to capture the difference between the two interest rates, which can be substantial depending on the amount of leverage used. Depending on your level of expertise and amount of capital, there are several standard trading lot sizes for forex accounts. Meanwhile, the even smaller micro accounts allow 1, base unit trades and nano accounts just although nano accounts aren't always available. What this means is that standard accounts must enter orders in multiples of ,, whereas mini account holders place trades in multiples of 10,, and so on.
Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Part of. Part Of. Basic Forex Overview. Key Forex Concepts. Currency Markets. Advanced Forex Trading Strategies and Concepts. What Is a Forex Trading Strategy? Forex trading strategies are the use of specific trading techniques to generate profits from the purchase and sale of currency pairs in the forex market.
Manual or automated tools are used to generate trading signals in forex trading strategies. Traders working on their own trading systems should backtest their strategies and paper trade them to ensure that they perform well before committing capital.
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