When you place an order through such a platform, you buy or sell a certain volume of a certain currency. You also set stop-loss and take-profit limits. The stop-loss limit is the maximum amount of pips price variations that you can afford to lose before giving up on a trade. Many come built-in to Meta Trader 4. However, the indicators that my client was interested in came from a custom trading system. They wanted to trade every time two of these custom indicators intersected, and only at a certain angle.
The start function is the heart of every MQL4 program since it is executed every time the market moves ergo, this function will execute once per tick. For example, you could be operating on the H1 one hour timeframe, yet the start function would execute many thousands of times per timeframe. Once I built my algorithmic trading system, I wanted to know: 1 if it was behaving appropriately, and 2 if the Forex trading strategy it used was any good.
In other words, you test your system using the past as a proxy for the present. MT4 comes with an acceptable tool for backtesting a Forex trading strategy nowadays, there are more professional tools that offer greater functionality. To start, you setup your timeframes and run your program under a simulation; the tool will simulate each tick knowing that for each unit it should open at certain price, close at a certain price and, reach specified highs and lows.
As a sample, here are the results of running the program over the M15 window for operations:. This particular science is known as Parameter Optimization. I did some rough testing to try and infer the significance of the external parameters on the Return Ratio and came up with something like this:. You may think as I did that you should use the Parameter A. Specifically, note the unpredictability of Parameter A: for small error values, its return changes dramatically.
In other words, Parameter A is very likely to over-predict future results since any uncertainty, any shift at all will result in worse performance. But indeed, the future is uncertain! And so the return of Parameter A is also uncertain. The best choice, in fact, is to rely on unpredictability. Often, a parameter with a lower maximum return but superior predictability less fluctuation will be preferable to a parameter with high return but poor predictability.
In turn, you must acknowledge this unpredictability in your Forex predictions. This does not necessarily mean we should use Parameter B, because even the lower returns of Parameter A performs better than Parameter B; this is just to show you that Optimizing Parameters can result in tests that overstate likely future results, and such thinking is not obvious. This is a subject that fascinates me.
Building your own FX simulation system is an excellent option to learn more about Forex market trading, and the possibilities are endless. The Forex world can be overwhelming at times, but I hope that this write-up has given you some points on how to start on your own Forex trading strategy.
Nowadays, there is a vast pool of tools to build, test, and improve Trading System Automations: Trading Blox for testing, NinjaTrader for trading, OCaml for programming, to name a few. Here are a few write-ups that I recommend for programmers and enthusiastic readers:.
Forex or FX trading is buying and selling via currency pairs e. Forex brokers make money through commissions and fees. Forex traders make or lose money based on their timing: If they're able to sell high enough compared to when they bought, they can turn a profit. Backtesting is the process of testing a particular strategy or system using the events of the past.
Commercial and investment banks conduct most of the trading in forex markets on behalf of their clients, but there are also speculative opportunities for trading one currency against another for professional and individual investors. There are two distinct features to currencies as an asset class :. An investor can profit from the difference between two interest rates in two different economies by buying the currency with the higher interest rate and shorting the currency with the lower interest rate.
Prior to the financial crisis, it was very common to short the Japanese yen JPY and buy British pounds GBP because the interest rate differential was very large. This strategy is sometimes referred to as a carry trade. Currency trading was very difficult for individual investors prior to the Internet. Most currency traders were large multinational corporations , hedge funds , or high-net-worth individuals HNWIs because forex trading required a lot of capital.
With help from the Internet, a retail market aimed at individual traders has emerged, providing easy access to the foreign exchange markets through either the banks themselves or brokers making a secondary market.
Most online brokers or dealers offer very high leverage to individual traders who can control a large trade with a small account balance. The FX market is where currencies are traded. It is the only truly continuous and nonstop trading market in the world. In the past, the forex market was dominated by institutional firms and large banks, which acted on behalf of clients. But it has become more retail-oriented in recent years, and traders and investors of many holding sizes have begun participating in it.
An interesting aspect of world forex markets is that there are no physical buildings that function as trading venues for the markets. Instead, it is a series of connections made through trading terminals and computer networks. Participants in this market are institutions, investment banks, commercial banks, and retail investors. The foreign exchange market is considered more opaque than other financial markets. Currencies are traded in OTC markets, where disclosures are not mandatory.
Large liquidity pools from institutional firms are a prevalent feature of the market. A survey found that the motives of large financial institutions played the most important role in determining currency prices. When people refer to the forex market, they usually are referring to the spot market. The forwards and futures markets tend to be more popular with companies that need to hedge their foreign exchange risks out to a specific date in the future.
Forex trading in the spot market has always been the largest because it trades in the biggest underlying real asset for the forwards and futures markets. Previously, volumes in the forwards and futures markets surpassed those of the spot markets. However, the trading volumes for forex spot markets received a boost with the advent of electronic trading and the proliferation of forex brokers. The spot market is where currencies are bought and sold based on their trading price.
That price is determined by supply and demand and is calculated based on several factors, including current interest rates, economic performance, sentiment toward ongoing political situations both locally and internationally , and the perception of the future performance of one currency against another. A finalized deal is known as a spot deal. It is a bilateral transaction in which one party delivers an agreed-upon currency amount to the counterparty and receives a specified amount of another currency at the agreed-upon exchange rate value.
After a position is closed, the settlement is in cash. Although the spot market is commonly known as one that deals with transactions in the present rather than in the future , these trades actually take two days for settlement.
A forward contract is a private agreement between two parties to buy a currency at a future date and at a predetermined price in the OTC markets. A futures contract is a standardized agreement between two parties to take delivery of a currency at a future date and at a predetermined price. Futures trade on exchanges and not OTC. Unlike the spot market, the forwards and futures markets do not trade actual currencies.
Instead, they deal in contracts that represent claims to a certain currency type, a specific price per unit, and a future date for settlement. In the forwards market, contracts are bought and sold OTC between two parties, who determine the terms of the agreement between themselves.
In the futures market, futures contracts are bought and sold based upon a standard size and settlement date on public commodities markets, such as the Chicago Mercantile Exchange CME. Futures contracts have specific details, including the number of units being traded, delivery and settlement dates, and minimum price increments that cannot be customized.
The exchange acts as a counterparty to the trader, providing clearance and settlement services. Both types of contracts are binding and are typically settled for cash at the exchange in question upon expiry, although contracts can also be bought and sold before they expire. The currency forwards and futures markets can offer protection against risk when trading currencies.
Usually, big international corporations use these markets to hedge against future exchange rate fluctuations, but speculators take part in these markets as well. Companies doing business in foreign countries are at risk due to fluctuations in currency values when they buy or sell goods and services outside of their domestic market. Foreign exchange markets provide a way to hedge currency risk by fixing a rate at which the transaction will be completed.
To accomplish this, a trader can buy or sell currencies in the forward or swap markets in advance, which locks in an exchange rate. For example, imagine that a company plans to sell U. Unfortunately, the U. A stronger dollar resulted in a much smaller profit than expected. The blender company could have reduced this risk by short selling the euro and buying the U. That way, if the U. If the U. Hedging of this kind can be done in the currency futures market.
The advantage for the trader is that futures contracts are standardized and cleared by a central authority. However, currency futures may be less liquid than the forwards markets, which are decentralized and exist within the interbank system throughout the world. Factors like interest rates , trade flows, tourism, economic strength, and geopolitical risk affect supply and demand for currencies, creating daily volatility in the forex markets.
A forecast that one currency will weaken is essentially the same as assuming that the other currency in the pair will strengthen because currencies are traded as pairs. The trader believes higher U. Trading currencies can be risky and complex. The interbank market has varying degrees of regulation, and forex instruments are not standardized.
In some parts of the world, forex trading is almost completely unregulated. The interbank market is made up of banks trading with each other around the world. The banks themselves have to determine and accept sovereign risk and credit risk , and they have established internal processes to keep themselves as safe as possible. Regulations like this are industry-imposed for the protection of each participating bank.
Since the market is made by each of the participating banks providing offers and bids for a particular currency, the market-pricing mechanism is based on supply and demand. Because there are such large trade flows within the system, it is difficult for rogue traders to influence the price of a currency. This system helps create transparency in the market for investors with access to interbank dealing. Depending on where the dealer exists, there may be some government and industry regulation, but those safeguards are inconsistent around the globe.
Most retail investors should spend time investigating a forex dealer to find out whether it is regulated in the United States or the United Kingdom U. It is also a good idea to find out what kind of account protections are available in case of a market crisis, or if a dealer becomes insolvent. Trading forex is similar to equity trading. Here are some steps to get yourself started on the forex trading journey. Learn about forex: While it is not complicated, forex trading is a project of its own and requires specialized knowledge.
For example, the leverage ratio for forex trades is higher than for equities, and the drivers for currency price movement are different from those for equity markets. There are several online courses available for beginners that teach the ins and outs of forex trading. Set up a brokerage account: You will need a forex trading account at a brokerage to get started with forex trading.
Forex brokers do not charge commissions. Instead, they make money through spreads also known as pips between the buying and selling prices. For beginner traders, it is a good idea to set up a micro forex trading account with low capital requirements. Such accounts have variable trading limits and allow brokers to limit their trades to amounts as low as 1, units of a currency. For context, a standard account lot is equal to , currency units.
A micro forex account will help you become more comfortable with forex trading and determine your trading style. Develop a trading strategy: While it is not always possible to predict and time market movement, having a trading strategy will help you set broad guidelines and a road map for trading.
A good trading strategy is based on the reality of your situation and finances. It takes into account the amount of cash that you are willing to put up for trading and, correspondingly, the amount of risk that you can tolerate without getting burned out of your position. Remember, forex trading is mostly a high-leverage environment.
But it also offers more rewards to those who are willing to take the risk. Always be on top of your numbers: Once you begin trading, always check your positions at the end of the day. Most trading software already provides a daily accounting of trades. Make sure that you do not have any pending positions to be filled out and that you have sufficient cash in your account to make future trades.
Cultivate emotional equilibrium: Beginner forex trading is fraught with emotional roller coasters and unanswered questions. Should you have held onto your position a bit longer for more profits? How did you miss that report about low gross domestic product GDP numbers that led to a decline in overall value for your portfolio?
Obsessing over such unanswered questions can lead you down a path of confusion. That is why it is important to not get carried away by your trading positions and cultivate emotional equilibrium across profits and losses. Be disciplined about closing out your positions when necessary. The best way to get started on the forex journey is to learn its language. Here are a few terms to get you started:. Remember that the trading limit for each lot includes margin money used for leverage. This means that the broker can provide you with capital in a predetermined ratio.
The most basic forms of forex trades are a long trade and a short trade. In a long trade, the trader is betting that the currency price will increase in the future and they can profit from it. Traders can also use trading strategies based on technical analysis, such as breakout and moving average , to fine-tune their approach to trading.
Depending on the duration and numbers for trading, trading strategies can be categorized into four further types:. Three types of charts are used in forex trading. They are:. Line charts are used to identify big-picture trends for a currency.
They are the most basic and common type of chart used by forex traders. They display the closing trading price for the currency for the time periods specified by the user. The trend lines identified in a line chart can be used to devise trading strategies. For example, you can use the information contained in a trend line to identify breakouts or a change in trend for rising or declining prices.
While it can be useful, a line chart is generally used as a starting point for further trading analysis. Much like other instances in which they are used, bar charts are used to represent specific time periods for trading. They provide more price information than line charts. Each bar chart represents one day of trading and contains the opening price, highest price, lowest price, and closing price OHLC for a trade.
Colors are sometimes used to indicate price movement, with green or white used for periods of rising prices and red or black for a period during which prices declined. Candlestick charts were first used by Japanese rice traders in the 18th century.
They are visually more appealing and easier to read than the chart types described above.
Essentially, a position trader is an active investor, as they are less concerned about short-term fluctuations in the market and look to hold trades for a longer term. The key focus for a position trader is the reward to risk of a trade. Typically, as a position trader is looking to hold trades for several weeks or months, they often have lots of very small losing trades before one big winning trade.
This allows the position trader to risk small amounts per trade, in order to increase the frequency of the number of trades taken so they can diversify their portfolio. As trading strategies are simply a set of rules and conditions to help in a trader's decision-making process, a trading strategy can be made using the three components listed above.
In the chart above, the period in which both rules are met - price above the one hundred moving average and the MACD Oscillator above 0 - also represent the longest trending period. Of course, the trader still needs to find the right time to execute the trade and even if this is done correctly, momentum could turn in the opposite way, resulting in a losing trade.
However, it is these long-term trending conditions that a position trader tries to identify for trading purposes. Algorithmic trading is a method in which the trader uses computer programmes to enter and exit trades. The trader will code a set of rules and conditions for the computer programme to act on. Algorithmic trading is also known as algo trading, automated trading, black-box trading, or robot trading. Most algo trading strategies try to take advantage of very small price movements in a high-frequency manner.
Many new traders are enticed by having algorithmic trading strategies entering and exiting trades when they are not there. Unfortunately, the lure of riches in algorithmic trading lends itself to many trading scams so beware. While there are certainly more failed algo trading strategies than successful ones, there are a number of traders who manage to harness the power of algorithmic trading with discretionary, human trading.
Many traders will use investment algorithms, or stock market algorithms, to help search for certain fundamental or technical conditions that form part of their trading strategies. In effect, the algorithm acts as a scanner of potential markets to focus on. The trader can then focus on analysing the rest of the chart, using their own strategy methods and trading techniques. Seasonal trading involves trading the possibility of a repeatable trend year in, year out.
Many markets often exhibit seasonal characteristics due to repeatable patterns in weather, government economic announcements and corporate earnings. A seasonal trader would use these seasonal patterns as a statistical edge in their trade selection. So, while seasonal trading is not a buy, or sell, timing system it can give the trader the bigger picture context they need within their trading strategies and strategy methods. One of the more popular types of seasonal investing strategies forms part of a popular stock trading strategy.
There is an old saying in trading, 'sell in May and go away'. This trading wit represents the typical seasonal weakness the stock market experiences during the summer months between May and October. According to the Financial Analyst Journal in , a study which observed this phenomenon found it did exist between and with stock returns giving higher returns in the November to April period than the May to October period. This doesn't necessarily mean the summer months were overall negative, however.
However, the observation does occur in another popular seasonal stock trading strategy which is the 'Santa Claus Rally'. This is the tendency for stock markets to rally during the last five trading days of the year and the first two of the new year. It is important to remember that seasonal trading merely provides an extra edge to a trading strategy. A seasonal trader would also look at other indicators and tools to identify markets which offer the best clarity to trade on and never solely rely just on one measure of analysis.
Investment strategies and trading strategies can have a lot of similarities but have one major difference. Investing strategies are designed for investors to hold positions for long-term, while trading strategies are designed to execute more short-term positions. Most investment strategies are designed as a stock investment strategy as buying into profitable companies can, theoretically, have unlimited upside potential.
When buying shares in a physical company, the downside is not unlimited. However, if the company goes bankrupt that can mean the investor will lose all of their investment. When investors are formulating their rules or conditions, for their investment strategies, it is common to try and replicate the metrics of stand-out companies such as Amazon or Facebook.
However, while this is no easy feat there are plenty of other companies that investors try to position themselves in according to specific investing styles, such as:. If you are considering investing in the stock market to build your portfolio, you need to have access to the best products available. One such product is Invest. MT5 enables you to invest in stocks and ETFs across 15 of the world's largest stock exchanges with the MetaTrader 5 trading platform.
Other benefits include free real-time market data, premium market updates, zero account maintenance fee, low transaction commissions, and dividend payouts. Click on the banner below to get started! Now that you are familiar with the six major types of strategy, we can now look at the trading strategies for this year across forex, stocks, commodities, indices and CFDs.
However, before you can learn and start implementing some of these online, it's important to have the right trading platform so you can access the very best trading tools for the job. Having the ability to access a stable and secure trading platform is essential in today's fast-moving markets.
The best trading platforms allow you to view historical price charts of the instrument you are trading, as well as provide you with the order tickets you need to place and manage your trades. Thanks to significant advances in technology, you can now have your charting platform and brokerage platform all in one place thanks to the Admirals MetaTrader suite of trading platforms which include:.
An example screenshot of the Admirals MetaTrader 5 platform, accessed on 23 December, Through the platforms mentioned above, you can trade all types of instruments and trading strategies such as forex strategies, stock trading strategies, CFD strategies, commodity trading strategies and index trading strategies. Most importantly, with these platforms, you have access to a large library of trading indicators which can be very helpful when following and developing different trading strategies for different markets.
Some of the world's most popular trading indicators are available completely free on all of the Admirals MetaTrader trading platforms, such as the:. Admirals offers professional traders the ability to significantly enhance their trading experience with Premium Analytics.
Here you can access the Technical Insight Lookup Indicator which provides actionable trading ideas on thousands of instruments covering all asset classes. Now that you have access to some of the very best trading platforms on offer, let's look at the different types of online trading strategies across some of the world's most actively traded markets.
In this section, you will find a variety of trading strategies for different markets. It's important to remember that an effective trading strategy is designed to streamline the process of trading information by creating a set of rules, or methodology, to make a trading decision. While some websites will market these 'holy grail systems' to the uneducated, it is worth remembering that they simply do not exist.
A trading strategy with sound risk management principles can give a trader an edge, over time. However, this will come with winning and losing trades. After all, anything can happen in the market at any point in time. The strategies below are designed to demonstrate the different possibilities available to traders, as well as act as a starting point to create a more thorough and detailed set of rules.
The foreign exchange market is ideal for nearly all different types of strategy such as day trading, swing trading, algorithmic trading and more. This is due to the fact that the forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, making it one of the most liquid markets available to trade on. Bollinger Bands are used to identify markets which are quiet, and often moving sideways, as well as markets that are showing increased volatility and are about to trend in a certain direction.
The Bollinger Band tool itself is comprised of three lines. The middle line is a day simple moving average SMA and is used to calculate the value of the upper and lower bands. These bands are two standard deviations away from the day simple moving average SMA. As the standard deviation is a measure of volatility, many rules around the Bollinger Band focus on the upper and low band movements, such as:.
In the above chart, the three green lines represent the Bollinger Bands indicator. The gold coloured boxes represent periods of time where the Bollinger Bands are contracting. In most cases, the market's price action did move in a sideways range but for different amounts of time. There were other periods of time where the market did move in a sideways range but the Bollinger Bands had not contracted, meaning the indicator can often lag behind live price. In this chart, the blue boxes show times when the Bollinger Bands notably expanded.
In most cases, price action did breakout on heightened volatility and move in a short-term trend, with some moving up and moving down. As these trend based moves offer larger price movements, using the widening of the bands as a rule in a Bollinger Bands forex trading strategy may prove to be more useful. As the Bollinger Bands measure for volatility rather than the direction of the trend, some traders add a trend filter, such as a long-term moving average, within their Bollinger Bands forex trading strategy.
This is because a moving average shows the average price for a certain number of historical bars - making it very useful to quickly identify the overall price direction. The orange line in the chart below shows the exponential moving average EMA , which shows the average price of the last bars. As the exponential moving average is pointing downwards it signifies that - on average - price is moving downwards, helping us to quickly identify the overall trend.
The green boxes show the periods of time when the Bollinger Bands expanded and price breakouts to the downside, below the lower Bollinger Band, and in the direction of the longer-term moving average. While the additional rules result in a lower amount of trading opportunities, it has served its purpose as an effective trading strategy, which is to streamline the decision-making process for the trader.
At this stage, the trader may go on to add more rules regarding the specific entry price, stop loss price, target price and trade size to further streamline their decision making for any ongoing trading opportunities. Fancy testing out the strategy yourself? Open your live trading account today by clicking the banner below! The stock market is ideal for nearly all different types of strategy such as a swing trading strategy, position trading strategy, trend following strategy, moving average strategy and a price action strategy, among others.
As investors and fund managers tend to buy companies to hold for the long-term - in expectation of a stock price appreciation - trends tend to last longer in this particular market. Both traders and investors participate in the stock market, lending itself to a multitude of strategy as listed above. While an investor will buy physical shares in a company, a trader may speculate on the price movement of a stock using CFDs which has certain advantages such as having the ability to trade long and short.
While there are thousands of companies to trade on, sticking to the companies you know and use on a daily basis can be the simplest place to start - such as trading on Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Tesla or Netflix stock. While there are some differences in how each individual stock trends, there are many more similarities. This makes using one stocks strategy, like a position trading strategy, tradeable on a wide range of global stocks.
While the above price chart is of Netflix, it could represent any other stock price. As a company's stock price can often trend for quite some time - if it is in popular demand - many traders utilise the power of the exponential moving average to try and capitalise on trending periods. One of the most popular ways of using the exponential moving average in a stock strategy is to look for a fast moving average to cross above a slow moving average, and vice versa. A fast moving average is one that is based on a smaller value of historical bars than a slow moving average, which is based on a higher value of historical bars.
A set of rules could start with the following:. In this instance, the fast moving average is the 8-period moving average and the slow moving average is the period moving average. Both numbers are Fibonacci numbers which are very popular in trading the financial markets. Let's have a look at what this looks like on the Netflix' price chart:. Netflix price chart with 8 exponential moving average blue line and 21 exponential moving average yellow line.
In the chart above there are multiple occurrences of the moving average crossing over, both to the upside and the downside. In some cases, price did go on to trend for quite some time, while in other cases it turned in the opposite direction.
Let's mark out the exponential moving average crossovers for further study:. Netflix price chart showing the 8 exponential moving average blue line crossing the 21 exponential moving average yellow line. The red vertical lines show the instances where the fast moving average crosses below the slow moving average.
The green vertical lines show the instances where the fast moving average crossed above the slow moving average. What can we learn from this? The moving average crossover is essentially a position trading strategy that is well suited to a trend-following stock market strategy. While the placement of stop losses and take profit levels are discretionary it is important to understand this type of strategy will result in more losing trades than winning trades.
However, the aim is for the winning trades to offer a reward that is multiple times the risk. Therefore, it is important to use sound risk management techniques in order to keep the risk per trade small to allow for multiple losing trades before the possibility of a big winning trade. A CFD, or Contract for Difference, enables traders to speculate on the rise and fall of a market, without ever owning the underlying asset.
When trading with CFDs there are two parties involved - the trader and the broker. Essentially, when the trader opens a long or short position, they enter into an agreement with the broker to pay the difference between the opening and closing price of the security they are trading.
The simplicity of entering and exiting trades, compared to other trading products, is just one reason many traders use CFD trading to trade a variety of markets such as stocks, indexes, commodities, bonds, ETFs and cryptocurrencies. One area that has gathered a lot of attention in CFD trading, is going short on Bitcoin. Traditionally, to short Bitcoin, the short seller would have to borrow Bitcoins they do not own and then sell these on the open market at the market price.
The short seller would then buy back those Bitcoins at a lower price in the future and their profit would be the difference of what they sold them for against the cost of buying them back. With CFD trading, the process is now much simpler as the short seller can open their platform and click sell. Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin tend to exhibit big price swings due to the volatile nature of the market, which is still relatively new.
This lends itself well to a multitude of strategic methods, such as swing trading, position trading, day trading, and price action trading, among others. Price action trading itself is also quite popular across other markets available for CFD trading. So what is price action trading? Essentially, it's the study of price patterns to identify what is happening now, in order to make a forecast of what could happen next. Let's have a look at how you can use a price action strategy for CFD trading Bitcoin, including going short Bitcoin.
As we have learnt from the strategies above, we can use a moving average as a trend filter within our trading rules:. While the moving average gives a directional bias, the trader still needs some rules to time a possible trade. This is where price action trading becomes useful. There are many patterns that can be used in price action trading, two of the most common are 'the hammer' and 'the shooting star'. The hammer price action trading pattern, as shown above, is a bullish signal which signifies the failure of sellers to close the market at a new low and buyers surging back into the market, to close near the high.
The shooting star price action trading pattern, as shown above, is the opposite of the hammer pattern. It's a bearish signal which signifies the failure of buyers to close the market at a new high, and sellers surging back into the market, to close near the low. We can now further elaborate on our rules:. The chart above highlights occurrences of both rule one and rule two. In most cases, the market continued to trade in the direction of the moving average and price action pattern suggestion.
There will be occasions where your chosen trading rules will be less effective, which is why risk management and using a stop loss will prove to beneficial in the long run. One of the reasons price action trading is popular is because the price action patterns themselves give traders an opportunity to identify entry price levels and stop loss levels.
For example, the entry price could be when the market breaks through the high of a hammer price pattern or the low of a shooting star price pattern. The stop loss level could then be on the other side of the price pattern with a target level of one, or two times the risk on the trade - which is the entry price minus the stop loss price. Through the use of these price action trading patterns and CFD trading, the trader is able to trade Bitcoin long and go short Bitcoin as well, thereby giving the trader opportunities in different market conditions.
Trading commodities such as gold, silver, and oil are popular among traders as they can often trend in a directional manner for quite some time. All markets go through different market conditions at some point. However, commodity markets are heavily impacted by supply and demand issues caused by weather patterns, geopolitical tensions and economic sentiment.
The types of strategy which tend to be suitable for commodity trading are typically swing trading strategies, seasonal trading strategies, and position trading strategies. This includes pairs, pips, and orders. Forex markets are traded in pairs — which will contain two competing currencies. The specific currencies within each pair will determine the market category — which includes majors, minors, and exotics.
Alternatively, you also have minor pairs — which contain two strong currencies but never the US dollars. The final pair category — which is best avoided as a beginner, is exotics. These pairs will contain a currency from a non-major economic region — such as South Africa, Peru, Kenya, and Turkey. Naturally, the spreads and volatility levels on exotic pairs can be huge — so stick with majors.
Understanding how percentage in points work — or PIPs, is also a crucial strategy. In a nutshell, when the exchange rate of a currency pairs suffer fluctuations the market moves up and down — this is calculated in pips.
Other than pairs containing the Japanese yen, most user-friendly forex trading platforms will display five digitals after the decimal. The number of pips that the pair moves by will ultimately determine how much you make or lose. This ensures that you have a clear entry and exit strategy on your forex trade.
Ultimately, ensuring that you understand the ins and outs of limit, stop-loss, and take-profit orders is one of the best forex trading strategies that you can learn as a beginner. However, we would strongly suggest that you start off with a day trading simulator. These are essentially demo accounts offered by online brokers and they allow you to trade in live currency market conditions without risking any money. We would suggest considering eToro for this — as the regulated broker offers the following:.
Once you have spent a reasonable amount of time practicing on a forex demo account and you feel ready to start trading with real money — make sure you create a bankroll management plan. In its most basic form, this will ensure that you never risk more than a certain amount on each trade. This should be stipulated in percentage terms and multiplied by your current brokerage account balance.
It is important to note that a bankroll management plan not only increases your stake. On the contrary, if you are going through an extended losing period of time — your maximum stake size will go down. Crucially, this ensures that you never burn your account balance in its entirety — which is why bankroll management is one of the best forex trading strategies for beginners. You might be under the impression that most currency speculators are day traders — meaning that they open and close positions within a few hours or even minutes.
However, some of the most successful currency traders actually prefer to take a swing trading strategy. The overarching reason for this is that you are not pressured into closing a position before the end of the day. On the contrary, forex swing trading offers much more flexibility — so you can keep positions open for hours, days, or even weeks.
This is much more conducive for beginners — as you can take your time researching the markets and thus — you can avoid having to make quick and instant decisions. In terms of forex swing trading strategies , a good starting point is to focus exclusively on financial news. Instead, you will be entering and exiting trades based on real-world events. GDP levels , geopolitical events, and more. Another idea that you might consider in your search for the best forex swing trading strategies is to identity a prolonged trending.
The best forex trading strategy for those without any knowledge of technical or fundamental analysis is to consider an automated system. By this, we mean trading in a fully autonomous manner — relying on a piece of pre-programmed software of a Copy Trading platform. Regarding the software option, this will come in the form of a forex EA expert advisor — which is essentially a trading robot. You will purchase the robot from a third party, and then install it into MT4.
Once activated, the robot or forex EA will start trading on your behalf. However, this form of automated trading is fraught with risk, as you never know what you are getting with a robot. For example, the robot provider might claim that the underlying software is able to outperform the market consistently. But, in reality, it could end up blowing through your account balance on the first day.
Instead, Copy Trading via a regulated online broker is a much better option. Ultimately, once you select a top-rated Copy Trading pro — you can sit back and invest in a passive nature. At some point in your currency trading career, you will need to understand the art of technical analysis.
After all, the best forex trading strategy employed by seasoned investors is to read and interpret pricing charts. The only way to do this is to learn about the many different technical indicators in the market. These indicators will look to analyze the historical pricing data of a forex pair and will look for a specific trend. For example, the technical indicator will look to evaluate whether a forex pair is overbought or oversold, or perhaps whether a particular support or resistance level is about to broken.
Either way, there are dozens of technical indicators that are popular with seasoned forex traders — so consider taking a course so you can incorporate this into your short-term trading strategy. Note : Some of the best indicators to start with include the moving average, support and resistance levels, trend trading lines, and downtrend and uptrend price movements.
Often overlooked by newbies, one of the best forex trading strategies is to ensure your chosen broker offers super-low fees. After all, if your broker charges high commissions or wide spreads — many of the best forex day trading strategies discussed today will not be possible.
The two main fees that you need to look out for when choosing a forex broker is the spread and commission. The spread is simply the difference between the buy and sell price of a forex pair. We explained how pips worked earlier — so should be able to calculate the spread with ease. The number of pips that the spread is quoting will tell you how much you need to make in a position to cover your costs. In this example, this means that your position needs to grow by 2 pips just to break even.
If it increases by 3 pips, your net profit is 1 pip when factoring in the spread. In addition to tight spreads your chosen forex broker should also offer low commissions. In fact, the best forex brokers in the online space will charge you no commissions at all.
This includes the likes of eToro and AvaTrade, which we discuss in more detail shortly. In other cases, your chosen broker might charge commission in percentage terms. For example, if you are being quoted 0. When you close the trade, you will again pay a commission of 0. The section above explained that one of the best forex trading strategies for beginners is to choose a low spread and zero commission broker.
However, when choosing a broker, you need to look at a variety of other factors. For example, is the broker regulated, does it offer transparent trading conditions, and what currency pairs are supported. To ensure you are able to deploy the best forex trading strategies in the most effective way possible — below you will find a small selection of brokers that are worth considering.
This regulated forex broker offers dozens of major, minor, and exotic pairs — all of which come with tight spreads. Before you start trading with real money, you might consider the demo account offered by eToro. This means that you can trade forex passively — as your chosen currency trader will buy and sell on your behalf. Next up is Libertex - a hugely popular forex and CFD trading platform that allows you to enter and exit the market without paying any spreads.
Instead, you will pay a super-small commission per slide. This pricing structure operates like a conventional ECN broker account - which is especially ideal for forex day traders. Much like eToro, Libertex offers a great selection of major, minor, and exotic currencies. The platform allows you to trade via its website or through third-party providers MT4 and MT5. There is also a mobile app - should you wish to trade forex on the move. Visit Libertex Now. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.
You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. We discussed earlier how technical analysis is one of the best forex trading strategies to learn as a beginner. If you're ready to take the plunge - AvaTrade is a good option.
In this example, this means that your position needs to grow by 2 pips just to break even. If it increases by 3 pips, your net profit is 1 pip when factoring in the spread. In addition to tight spreads your chosen forex broker should also offer low commissions. In fact, the best forex brokers in the online space will charge you no commissions at all.
This includes the likes of eToro and AvaTrade, which we discuss in more detail shortly. In other cases, your chosen broker might charge commission in percentage terms. For example, if you are being quoted 0. When you close the trade, you will again pay a commission of 0. The section above explained that one of the best forex trading strategies for beginners is to choose a low spread and zero commission broker. However, when choosing a broker, you need to look at a variety of other factors.
For example, is the broker regulated, does it offer transparent trading conditions, and what currency pairs are supported. To ensure you are able to deploy the best forex trading strategies in the most effective way possible — below you will find a small selection of brokers that are worth considering. This regulated forex broker offers dozens of major, minor, and exotic pairs — all of which come with tight spreads.
Before you start trading with real money, you might consider the demo account offered by eToro. This means that you can trade forex passively — as your chosen currency trader will buy and sell on your behalf. Next up is Libertex - a hugely popular forex and CFD trading platform that allows you to enter and exit the market without paying any spreads. Instead, you will pay a super-small commission per slide. This pricing structure operates like a conventional ECN broker account - which is especially ideal for forex day traders.
Much like eToro, Libertex offers a great selection of major, minor, and exotic currencies. The platform allows you to trade via its website or through third-party providers MT4 and MT5. There is also a mobile app - should you wish to trade forex on the move.
Visit Libertex Now. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. We discussed earlier how technical analysis is one of the best forex trading strategies to learn as a beginner.
If you're ready to take the plunge - AvaTrade is a good option. This platform is fully compatible with MT4 and MT5 - which are both packed with technical indicators and candlestick time frames. AvaTrade offers a free demo account that you can connect to the aforementioned third-party platforms - meaning you can practice technical analysis risk-free.
This top-rated forex broker also offers plenty of educational resources that can help you learn how to read pricing charts effectively. When it comes to fees, AvaTrade allows you to enter and exit forex positions without paying any commission. Plus, when trading major pairs, you'll get some of the best spreads on offer. AvaTrade is regulated in six regions and allows you to deposit funds with a debit card or bank wire.
If you're ready to deploy one or more of the best forex trading strategies discussed today - we are now going to walk you through the process with commission-free broker eToro. Visit the eToro website and click on the 'Join Now' button. You will need to provide some personal information - such as your full name, nationality, and contact details.
Although you don't need to upload any ID to use the demo account facility - it's best to quickly do this now. After all, there will come a time when you decide to start trading with real money. All you need to do is upload a copy of your government-issued ID and a proof of address.
We mentioned earlier that one of the best forex trading strategies for beginners is to start off with a demo account. All you need to do at eToro is switch your account from 'real' to 'virtual'. When you are ready to trade in live market conditions - you'll need to make a deposit. Now that your account is funded you can search for the forex pair you wish to trade. Then, you'll need to set up a real order so that eToro knows what position you wish to take. This guide has covered some of the best forex trading strategies for beginners.
Each and every strategy can be deployed through a good online broker. In fact, when opting for eToro, you can try the best forex day trading strategies discussed today in a risk-free manner. This is because all eToro users get a free demo account simply for signing up. Plus, you'll find dozens of forex pairs on the platform - all of which can be traded commission-free. The final icing on the cake is the eToro Copy Trading feature - which allows you to copy an experienced currency trader in a fully passive nature!
In order to choose the best forex strategy for you - spend some time thinking about your financial goals. For example, if you can only commit a certain amount of time to forex - swing trading is the way forward. But, if you are prepared to trade forex on a full-time basis - day trading will likely suffice. Once you become a pro - you might then consider forex scalping and break out strategies. A forex trading strategy will ensure that you trade currencies in a risk-averse way.
It will ensure you protect your capital in the long run and deploy sensible entry and exit positions. Ultimately, all successful traders have a strategy in place - so make sure you find one that works for you! The most effective way to backtest a forex trading strategy is to use a demo account.
This will mirror actual market conditions and thus - you can backtest your forex trading strategy. One of the best forex trading strategies is to stick with a risk-reward ratio. The best way to create a forex strategy that works for you is via trial and error. You can do this without risking any money on a top-rated demo account that mirrors live market conditions.
We would argue that the best forex trading strategy for beginners is one that combines research with a day trading simulator. In other words, you should learn the theory of forex trading, while practicing this via a risk-free demo account. This will ensure that you avoid high levels of liquidty. Kane Pepi is a British researcher and writer that specializes in finance, financial crime, and blockchain technology.
Now based in Malta, Kane writes for a number of platforms in the online domain. In particular, Kane is skilled at explaining complex financial subjects in a user-friendly manner. Home » forex » strategies. Kane Pepi Pro Investor. Updated: 18 March Featured Broker. Visit Site. Mobile App Rating. FX Pairs. Additional Fees. Rolling fee. Conversion Fee. Trading Platforms. Raw Materials. Additional Features.
It helps the trader to determine which currency pairs to trade, time to trade, to buy or sell, stop loss and take profit values as well as other metrics to use or watch out for in the trade. When these data are generated from the strategy, the trader then makes informed trade decision.
A trader may have different forex trading strategies to use depending on the market conditions, currency pairs, market sentiment or news. Forex trading strategies can be built using the principles of technical analysis, fundamental analysis or a combination of both. Technical analysis is used to analyze statistical trends and historical trading data with the belief that the patterns will repeat again. Most trading platforms come with tools for technical analysis such as charting package, drawing tools, technical indicators, etc.
Fundamental analysis focuses on social, economic and political events that affect currency prices. Manual strategies usually demands that a trader sits in front of the computer seeking to identify trading opportunities from the charts. But automated strategies involve the scripting of software forex robots which automatically identifies signals and executes the trades.
Several software robots are available on the internet for rent or outright purchase. Forex by TradingView. Several trading strategies have already been developed and are being used by numerous traders. A trader can study and use an existing strategy or modify it to suit his style.
Note that there is no perfect strategy and some strategies work better for some people at specific market conditions. Below are some of the well-known forex trading strategies :. This is a trading strategy where a forex trader holds open positions for weeks, months or years. The trader is not interested in short-term price fluctuations; rather he is hoping to take advantage of long term market trends.
A major advantage of this strategy is that the trader places only a few trades in months or years and there are no frequent analyses. It can be done on a part time basis. But, position trading has major flaws. Swap fees will accumulate and may even cancel out any floating profits accumulated by the trader.
Trader discipline is required otherwise the trader might be tempted to close the trade before schedule in order to lock-in profits or cut his losses. Swing trading strategy is similar to position trading except that the swing trader wishes to capture short and medium term fluctuations in the market and so, maintains open positions for days or a few weeks. The difference with swing trading is that the trade time is shorter than that of position trading.
This strategy requires a thorough understanding of technical analysis methods and much discipline on the part of the trader. Swing trading is one of the forex trading strategies that is suitable for both part time and full time traders. Unfortunately, the swing trader is subject to swap fees which might greatly reduce potential returns. These are a number of forex trading strategies derived from the action of buyers and sellers in the forex market.
Price action strategies focus on price analysis of the forex pairs and it is used by both short-term and mid-term traders. Traders study the historical price of the forex pair and then predict its next movement. Candlestick charts are mainly used in this analysis but it is sometimes combined with some technical indicators.
Price action strategies are not difficult to learn; this is why it is widely used by beginners. But, in most cases, price action strategies are not sufficient to be used alone; it needs confirmations with technical indicators. Trend following is a strategy that seeks to identify price patterns and place trades in the trend direction as it occurs.
Trends can be upwards, downwards or sideways. Trend traders do not predict price levels of a forex pair; they only identify a trend and place their trades. This strategy has no complexities and a newbie can easily understand and use it. Trend followers are likely to capture big moves and quickly cut losses when the market reverses. However, the strategy required appreciable knowledge of technical analysis. The trader should always watch out for false breakouts. Risk management is a top priority for trend followers.
This is one of the forex trading strategies that is based on chart analysis. Range trading looks for support and resistance levels at extremes forming a range and ignoring the trends. The trader believes that price will still come back to the identified support or resistance levels and then positions his trades accordingly. This strategy works well in markets where there are no clear trends and it can be used on all time frames.
To execute perfectly, the trader must have a good knowledge of technical analysis and must be a disciplined trader. Day trading is the strategy of opening and closing positions within a day. The traders speculate on the price of the financial assets in order to capture the intraday movements. Most day traders open positions at the beginning of the day and close it before the market closes for that day.
Almost every day trader bases their trading decisions from studying the charts and analyzing with indicators. By virtue of the trading strategy, day traders avoid swap charges and market gapping. They can choose to place one long trade or a few trades within the day.
Price action trading. Range trading strategy. Trend trading strategy.